Coalition for Community Schools - Because Every Child Deserves Every Chance


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Listing of Publications

Community Schools Standards          1.8 MB


The Standards are designed to engage and support the community schools movement as a standards-driven, evidence-based strategy to promote equity and educational excellence for each and every child.

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The Growing Convergence of Community Schools and Expanded Learning Opportunities(Reuben Jacobson, Shama S. Jamal, Linda Jacobson, Martin J. Blank)          2.8 MB

12/03/13    Coalition for Community Schools, Institute for Educational Leadership

This report captures the scope and nature of expanded learning opportunities in community school partnerships and to identify the state-of-the-art ELO practices that community schools are implementing.

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The Growing Convergence of Community Schools and Expanded Learning Opportunities

Nashville Community Achieves -Program Director           


The Community Achieves Program Coordinator is responsible for the implementation, supervision, and coordination of community partnerships, programs, and services developed to promote and sustain community engagement in support of targeted schools and communities.

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Nashville Community Achieves -Program Director

Coalition for Community Schools Comments on 2012 Race to the Top-District Draft Guidelines          484.2 KB


The Coalition for Community Schools (“Coalition”) at the Institute for Educational Leadership is an alliance of more than 150 organizations representing education, youth development, health and mental health services, social and emotional learning, community development, and related fields. The Coalition advances opportunities for the success of children and youth, as well as their families and communities, by promoting the development of more and more effective community schools. We are very p

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Right From the Start          1.3 MB

12/01/11    American Federation of Teachers

As early childhood education becomes the focal point of education investment, Right From the Start: Transition Strategies for Developing a Strong Pre K-3 Continuum published by the American Federation of Teachers, a close partner of the Coalition’s, highlights best practices for readying infants and toddlers for primary school and beyond. The report spotlights the role of the community school strategy as a vehicle for connecting early childhood supports to the early grades.

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Financing Community Schools(Martin J Blank, Reuben Jacobson, Atelia Melaville, Sarah S. Pearson)          8.1 MB

11/30/10    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This report looks at how community schools finance their work. It describes the resources, partnerships, and activities community schools generate with the dollars they have; where monies come from; and the mechanisms community schools use to leverage additional funding and build their capacity to achieve agreed upon results. The report draws on survey results and case studies from a sample of experienced community schools--both individual sites as well as district-sponsored initiatives.

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Financing Community Schools

Financing Community Schools: The Executive Summary          824.7 KB

11/30/10    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This report looks at how community schools finance their work. It describes the resources, partnerships, and activities community schools generate with the dollars they have; where monies come from; and the mechanisms community schools use to leverage additional funding and build their capacity to achieve agreed upon results.

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The State of Metropolitan America: 2010(Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings)           

05/11/10    Brookings Institute

This report focuses on the major demographic forces transforming the nation and large metropolitan areas in the 2000s. Reviewing educational attainment, the report finds that African American and Hispanic groups, projected to make up a growing share of our future workforce, now lag their white and Asian counterparts in large metro areas on bachelor’s degree attainment by more than 20 percentage points.

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How Does Title I Support Community Schools?(Marty Blank & Sarah Pearson)          2.0 MB

01/01/10    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This brief provides State and Local Title I Directors with a deeper understanding of the allowable uses of Title I funding for community schools. Community schools are centers of the community that support student learning and healthy development, and strengthen families and communities.

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High Schools as Community Schools(Rita Axelroth)           

04/01/09    The Coalition for Community Schools in partnership with the National Association for Secondary School

The Coalition for Community Schools in partnership with the National Association for Secondary School Principals reviewed 8 community schools (Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL; Cincinnati, OH; Indianapolis, IN; Philadelphia, PA; Portland, OR; and South King County, WA) to learn their effects on graduation and drop-out rates. They found rising graduation and college going rates and a decrease in drop-out rates. The report also finds that community schools strengths lie in their local communities.

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Community School Initiatives: State-to-State Report(Coalition for Community Schools)          462.6 KB

03/02/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

The concept of community school is growing in part because it represents a vehicle for aligning the assets of students, families, teachers, and the community around a common goal—improving the success of our young people. A national scan reveals that a growing movement of community schools serve an estimated 5.1 million children and youth.

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Community Schools Research Brief, 2009 (Coalition for Community Schools)           

01/01/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Community schools across the nation purposefully integrate academ­ic, health, and social services; youth and community development; and commu­nity engagement—drawing in school partners with resources to improve student and adult learning, strengthen families, and promote healthy communities. This research brief highlights results from various community school initiatives.

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Community Schools and Promise Neighborhoods          32.2 KB

01/01/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This brief shows how community schools can and should be an integral part of any Promise Neighborhood. All Promise Neighborhood applicants should delineate how they will facilitate schools, regardless of type, becoming centers of their community, through mobilizing and leveraging community assets. The goals must include not only improving academic achievement, but also promoting the social, emotional, physical and civic development of young people, their families & other community residents.

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Community Schools Fact Sheet(Coalition for Community Schools)          93.2 KB

01/01/09    Coalition for Community Schools

Do you have questions about community schools? What they are? How they function? This list of "Frequently Asked Questions" provides answers to these and other questions. If you still have questions that weren't answered, please email us at:

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Community Schools Across the Nation(Coalition for Community Schools)           

01/01/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Today, there are a number of national mod­els and local initiatives that create their own flavor of community school. This brief provides an over­view of leading initiatives.

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The Community Agenda for America's Public Schools(The Coalition for Community Schools)           

09/22/08    The Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

The challenges our nation faces in educating all of our young people are alarming. The Community Agenda offers common results and solutions, along with actions that YOU can take to help the youth of our nation. Learn more about the results we seek, the strategies to reach the results, actions, and policy recommendations.

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The Community Agenda for America's Public Schools

Closing the Achievement Gap: School, Community, Family Connections          747.1 KB

01/01/08    The Annie E. Casey Foundation

This publication provides an in-depth look at Casey’s support of community schools, including selected results and lessons learned. It also includes stories about one California school district’s innovative parent engagement policy, the Harlem Children’s Zone Practitioners Institute, parent organizing in Texas and Denver, and the Foundation’s contributions to results measurement in the connections field.

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Addressing Barriers to Learning          340.7 KB

06/01/07    UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools

This tool discusses comprehensive, integrated approaches for addressing barriers to learning. It also has a set of surveys covering six program areas and the leadership and coordination systems every school must evolve to enable effective learning. The six program areas are: classroom-focused enabling; crisis assistance and prevention; support for transitions; home involvement in schooling; student and family assistance programs and services; and community outreach for involvement and support.

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All Together Now: Sharing Responsibility for the Whole Child(Martin J. Blank and Amy Berg)           

07/01/06    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This paper was commissioned by the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, the largest national professional development organization in education, as part of their work around the concept of supporting the Whole Child.

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Growing Community Schools: The Role of Cross-Boundary Leadership( Martin J. Blank, Amy Berg and Atelia Melaville)          290.0 KB

04/01/06    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Leaders from schools, cities, and counties across the nation are working together in new ways to "grow" community schools. This report profiles 11 communities where this work is taking place. These leaders are installing and increasing the numbers of community schools as quickly as possible, using a powerful vision with a clear focus on results and an effort to make the best possible use of all the assets their communities can offer.

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Engaging the Community: Strategies that Work(Atelia Melaville and Martin J. Blank )          2.3 MB

01/01/05    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership and Cable in the Classroom

This Summer 2005 issue of Threshold Magazine on engaging the community and leaders. A featured article, “Engaging the Community: Strategies that Work,” identifies leadership strategies for engaging community stakeholders to create effective community schools. Building upon the points made in the article, the magazine features a helpful pull-out diagram which identifies key stakeholders and illustrates how all community leaders can contribute to creating improved conditions for student learning.

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Multiple Measures(Ronald A. Wolk)           

10/01/04    Education Week

This Ed Week article critiques America's unnecessary, detrimental "obsession" with standardized testing. Wolk contends that education has shifted its focus from standard-based reform to test-based reform, largely due to punitive regulations set by the No Child Left Behind Act.

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Boosting Student Achievement: New Research on the Power of Developmental Assets          226.2 KB

10/01/03    The Search Institute

According to new research from Search Institute, students from many different backgrounds and cultures are more likely to do well in school and have a higher GPA if they have more “developmental assets.”

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Making the Difference - Executive Summary(Bela P. Shah & Martin J. Blank)          319.6 KB

05/01/03    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

No school --or principal--can meet all the needs of every student. Fortunately, they don't have to. Principals from East Hartford High School (CT) and Carson High School (CA) share how building community schools has strengthened their ability to serve their students.

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Using Title I to Support Out-of-School Time and Community School Initiatives          644.0 KB

01/01/03    The Finance Project

This strategy brief first presents an overview of the Title I program, emphasizing its use for extended learning through out-of-school time and Community School initiatives. It then highlights three strategies community leaders, program developers, and school officials can employ to access these funds to support out-of-school time and community school initiatives.

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Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America           

01/01/03    President Bush's Freedom Commission on Mental Health

In the final report from the President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, four recommendations are given to achieve the goal of transforming mental health care in America: Promote the mental health of young children; Improve and expand school mental health programs; Screen for co-occurring mental and substance use disorders and link with integrated treatment strategies; and Screen for mental disorders in primary health care, across the life span, and connect to treatment and supports.

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High School After-school: What it is? What might it be? Why it is important?           

01/01/03    Forum for Youth Investment

The conceptual and practical leaps from programming for elementary and middle school students to high school students are significant, and the marketing challenges are huge. To support policy makers, program leaders and advocates in making decisions related to high school after-school, this commentary summarizes what we know and answers some basic but important questions.

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A Handbook for State Policy Leaders(Coalition for Community Schools)          855.1 KB

07/03/02    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

The handbook is designed to help state leaders to form vital connections between schools and communities to improve student learning. It is helpful to the work of policy leaders in cities, counties, local school districts, and philanthropy.

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A Handbook for State Policy Leaders

Developing Effective Partnerships to Support Local Education          102.4 KB

06/03/02    School Communities that Work: A National Task Force on the Future of Urban Districts

An initiative of the Annenberg Institute for School Reform, this publication identifies new approaches to building partnerships between districts and organizations serving children, youth and families.

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Community Schools: A Vision of Learning That Goes Beyond Testing (Martin J. Blank and Ira Harkavy)          99.1 KB

04/01/02    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Research and experience confirm what common sense suggests: What happens outside the classroom is every bit as important as what happens inside.

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Strong Neighborhoods, Strong Schools(Eva Gold, Elaine Simon, and Chris Brown )          2.8 MB

01/01/02    Cross-Cities Campaign for Urban School Reform and Research for Action

Using an action research approach, this report documents the methods used in community organizing for school reform and provides measures for evaluating their successful contribution to the improvement of public education and the strengthening of low-income communities. P. 60.

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Community Programs to Promote Youth Development           

01/01/02    National Research Council and Institute of Medicine

National report affirms the power and value of youth development. It offers authoritative guidance to policymakers, practitioners, researchers, and other key stakeholders on the role of youth development programs in the promotion of healthy youth development and well-being. P. 411.

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Using NCLB to Improve Student Achievement: An Action Guide for Community and Parent Leaders          555.2 KB

01/01/02    Public Education Network

This action guide by the Public Education Network cuts through education jargon and explains the law's new requirements for states, districts and schools in clear terms. It is organized as an easy-to-use professional development tool for administrators and teachers and prioritizes 10 major areas in the law where the public should concentrate its action.

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Facing the Hard Facts in Education Reform(Paul Barton)          562.0 KB


This report from Paul Barton of the Educational Testing Service makes a compelling case for a broader vision of education reform emphasizing the entirety of a child's learning environment (including the home, community and the school).

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Just Waiting to Be Asked? A Fresh Look at Attitudes on Public Engagement          601.4 KB

01/01/01    Public Agenda

Study summarizes the results of surveys of superintendents, school board members, teachers, parents and the public at large. This analysis of the attitudinal predisposition of key players shares lessons about the opportunities and obstacles that public engagement efforts may face. $10. For more information call, (212) 686-6610.

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Maximizing Medicaid Funding to Support Health and Mental Health Services           568.5 KB

10/02/00    The Finance Project

This strategy brief presents general background information and strategies for maximizing Medicaid funding, and highlights examples of innovative projects throughout the country.

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Desktop Reference for No Child Left Behind           

    U.S. Department of Education

This 180-page desktop reference manual to No Child Left Behind offers a program-by-program look at the major reforms under the law. For each section of the landmark law, the manual explains the purpose of the program, what's new in the law, how the program works, key requirements, how to achieve quality, how performance is measured, and key activities and responsibilities for state education departments.

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Building a Community School: A Parent's Guide           

    The Children's Aid Society and the Coalition for Community Schools

For concerned, active parents who believe that their school can be more and do more for children, families and the whole community. It introduces the community school approach, explains its benefits for parents and children, and offers some simple steps parents can take to begin turning their school into a community school.

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Community Schools: Promoting Student Success - A Rationale and Results Framework(Coalition for Community Schools)          337.5 KB

    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

The purpose of this document is twofold: First, to outline a rationale for the community school as a primary vehicle for increasing student success and strengthening families and community; and secondly, to define specific results that community schools seek—both in terms of how they function and in relationship to the well being of students, families and communities.

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From Governance to Accountability: Building Relationships That Make Schools Work(Norman Fruchter and Kavitha Mediratta)          435.0 KB

    Institute for Education and Social Policy for the Drum Major Institute for Public Policy

This paper argues for creating bottom-up accountability by developing mechanisms to improve a school system's transparency and increase parent and community access, representation, and power in schools and districts. Proposes a series of "performance indicators" to help schools, districts and policymakers evaluate how well they are engaging their most important partners. P. 25.

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Revitalization by Design(Stephanie Davis )           


This manual is intended to be used by parents, teachers, school administrators, students, community organizations and residents as a guide to identifying, planning, implementing, and maintaining large- and small-scale school improvement projects. Available from the State of Maryland, Public School Construction Program at 410-767-0617.

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What if...(Steven Bingler )           


This publication addresses the need to counteract the current model of community sprawl by designing smarter schools and community growth strategies, and the changes in planning, policies, and practices needed to achieve these goals. Several actions are recommended. Read to find out more...

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Schools Designed with Community Participation(Henry Sanoff )           


This publication presents case studies of school buildings that were designed with community and user participation as an integral part of the school planning process. P.67.

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Creating a Culture of Attachment: A Community-as-Text Approach to Learning(Milbrey McLaughlin and Martin J. Blank)           

    John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities at Stanford University, in Stanford, California and the Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Education Week, in its November 10, 2004 issue has published a commentary by Milbrey Mclaughlin and Martin Blank. This commentary reflects the Coalition's perspective that engaging and motivating young people to learn is essential for their academic and life success. It argues that for most young people, learning matters when it is personal, has meaning to them and serves a purpose.

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Annotated Bibliography of Community Participation in School Planning           

    National Clearinghouse for Education Facilities

This site provides Information on the participation of students, teachers, parents, administrators, and community members in the planning and design of schools, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.

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Community Use of Schools: Policy Issues            

    National Clearinghouse on Educational Facilities (NCEF)

Here you will find NCEF's resource list on policy issues concerning the community use of school buildings and grounds during and after school hours, including examples of joint use agreements.

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