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Listing of Publications

Community Schools Standards          1.8 MB

03/27/17    

The Standards are designed to engage and support the community schools movement as a standards-driven, evidence-based strategy to promote equity and educational excellence for each and every child.

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Community Schools: A Whole-Child Framework for School Improvement           

03/08/17    Coalition for Community Schools

In this brief the Coaliton organized the major components of a community school into a comprehensive framework.The community schools framework puts students at the center, listening to their concerns and aspirations, and responding to their life circumstances.

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Community Schools Messaging            

03/01/17    Coalition for Community Schools

Student-centered learning is echoed throughout our new Community School Messaging which explicitly identifies a Community School as a public school, a hub of its neighborhood, uniting families, educators and community partners to provide all students with top-quality academics, enrichment, health and social services, and opportunities to succeed in school and in life.

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Aligning Networks to Enable Every Student to Thrive(Reuben Jacobson, Steven McCullough, and Kimberlin Butler)          2.8 MB

12/01/16    The Coalition for Community Schools, Communities In Schools National Office, StriveTogether

The Coalition for Community Schools, Communities In Schools and StriveTogether - have been making measurable progress toward educational equity. Now we come together to say explicitly that we can achieve our shared goals more effectively if we align our assets and expertise across networks, across school districts, and across communities.

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Aligning Networks to Enable Every Student to Thrive

Community schools: A place-based approach to education and neighborhood change(Reuben Jacobson)           

11/18/16    The Brookings Institution

The institutions of a neighborhood are vital to its health and economic strength, and public schools are one of the most important shared institutions. They function not only as centers for providing education but also as hubs for communities to organize a range of supports and opportunities for children and their families.

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The Growing Convergence of Community Schools and Expanded Learning Opportunities(Reuben Jacobson, Shama S. Jamal, Linda Jacobson, Martin J. Blank)          2.8 MB

12/03/13    Coalition for Community Schools, Institute for Educational Leadership

This report captures the scope and nature of expanded learning opportunities in community school partnerships and to identify the state-of-the-art ELO practices that community schools are implementing.

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The Growing Convergence of Community Schools and Expanded Learning Opportunities

The Role of Community Schools in Place-Based Initiatives(William Potapchuk)           

06/24/13    Coalition for Community Schools, Institute for Educational Leadership PolicyLink West Coast Collaborative

Across the United States, there is tremendous excitement about strategies that weave together resources in a clearly defined “place” to collectively improve outcomes for children, youth, families, and communities. The paper explores the relationship and need for alignment between various place-based strategies within the same geographic areas. The paper demonstrates that community schools offer a powerful vision and strategy for what schools should look like in within place-based initiatives.

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Measuring Social Return on Investment for Community Schools(Laura Martinez and Cheryl B. Hayes.)           

06/19/13    The Finance Project and The Children's Aid Society

The Children's Aid Society in partnership with The Finance Project has released a new resource entitled, "Measuring Social Return on Investment for Community Schools," a case study and companion guide designed to help educators and administrators across the country begin to measure and communicate the social and economic value of community schools.

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Measuring Social Return on Investment for Community Schools

Measuring Social Return on Investment for Community Schools(Laura Martinez and Cheryl B. Hayes)           

06/19/13    The Finance Project and The Children's Aid Society

The Children's Aid Society in partnership with The Finance Project has released a new resource entitled, "Measuring Social Return on Investment for Community Schools," a case study and companion guide designed to help educators and administrators across the country begin to measure and communicate the social and economic value of community schools.

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Measuring Social Return on Investment for Community Schools

Community School Results 2013(Martin J. Blank, Reuben Jacobson)          145.1 KB

06/03/13    Coalition for Community schools

The findings in this document represent some of the evidence about how a diverse set of community school initiatives (each with their own name) are preparing students to learn, helping them succeed, and preparing them for future success.

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Community School Results 2013

San Francisco Unified School District Director of Community School Job Description(San Francisco Unified School District)           

09/04/12    

The role of the Office of Community Schools solidifies partnerships both within and outside of the District, enhances communication, and creates a coordinated system of integrated services and supports across the District that optimizes the use of internal and external resources.

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San Francisco Unified School District Director of Community School Job Description

Nashville Community Achieves -Program Director           

09/04/12    

The Community Achieves Program Coordinator is responsible for the implementation, supervision, and coordination of community partnerships, programs, and services developed to promote and sustain community engagement in support of targeted schools and communities.

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Nashville Community Achieves -Program Director

Coalition for Community Schools Comments on 2012 Race to the Top-District Draft Guidelines          484.2 KB

06/05/12    

The Coalition for Community Schools (“Coalition”) at the Institute for Educational Leadership is an alliance of more than 150 organizations representing education, youth development, health and mental health services, social and emotional learning, community development, and related fields. The Coalition advances opportunities for the success of children and youth, as well as their families and communities, by promoting the development of more and more effective community schools. We are very p

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Hartford Community Schools Evaluation: Final Report 2009-2011          1.0 MB

02/01/12    

The report provides a review of system-wide and school-level activities and outcomes, a timeline of activities at both levels, and a graphic of their leadership structure.

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Right From the Start          1.3 MB

12/01/11    American Federation of Teachers

As early childhood education becomes the focal point of education investment, Right From the Start: Transition Strategies for Developing a Strong Pre K-3 Continuum published by the American Federation of Teachers, a close partner of the Coalition’s, highlights best practices for readying infants and toddlers for primary school and beyond. The report spotlights the role of the community school strategy as a vehicle for connecting early childhood supports to the early grades.

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Oakland Unified School District-A New Full-Service Community School District!          216.0 KB

02/14/11    

Oakland Unified School District-A New Full-Service Community School District! An interview with Superintendent Tony Smith

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Oakland Unified School District-A New Full-Service Community School District!

Financing Community Schools(Martin J Blank, Reuben Jacobson, Atelia Melaville, Sarah S. Pearson)          8.1 MB

11/30/10    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This report looks at how community schools finance their work. It describes the resources, partnerships, and activities community schools generate with the dollars they have; where monies come from; and the mechanisms community schools use to leverage additional funding and build their capacity to achieve agreed upon results. The report draws on survey results and case studies from a sample of experienced community schools--both individual sites as well as district-sponsored initiatives.

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Financing Community Schools

Financing Community Schools: The Executive Summary          824.7 KB

11/30/10    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This report looks at how community schools finance their work. It describes the resources, partnerships, and activities community schools generate with the dollars they have; where monies come from; and the mechanisms community schools use to leverage additional funding and build their capacity to achieve agreed upon results.

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CSBA Policy Brief, October 2010(California School Boards Association)          174.1 KB

10/10/10    California School Boards Association with the support of The California Endowment

School boards can play a pivotal leadership role in ensuring that schools are effective community centers that provide a hub for a wide range of coordinated services to help families and empower parents and their students. [Truly effective community schools are... a strategic effort to link the academic program of the school with a set of support services driven by assessing the needs of school families.”] — Ed Honowitz Pasadena Unified School Board Member

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Breaking the Mold- Community Schools & Expanded Learning Time Together Help Students Succeed(Isabel Owen)           

09/22/10    Center for American Progress

This paper discusses how the- community schools strategy, along with expanded learning time- can help close the achievement gap. The community schools strategy is for all students, especially students who are “educationally disadvantaged.”

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The Black-White Achievement Gap: When Progress Stopped( Paul E. Barton and Richard J. Coley)           

07/01/10    The Educational Testing Service

This report explores the persistence of the Black-White achievement gap for students in the U.S. It highlights contributing factors to the fluctuations in the gap and attempts to find reasoning behind the narrowing of it between the 1970’s and the 1980’s. One of the strongest themes in the report is the decline of stable communities in which many poor Black families live. The Coalition views the community school strategy as a vehicle for providing the structure to facilitate these changes.

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The Black-White Achievement Gap: When Progress Stopped

The State of Metropolitan America: 2010(Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings)           

05/11/10    Brookings Institute

This report focuses on the major demographic forces transforming the nation and large metropolitan areas in the 2000s. Reviewing educational attainment, the report finds that African American and Hispanic groups, projected to make up a growing share of our future workforce, now lag their white and Asian counterparts in large metro areas on bachelor’s degree attainment by more than 20 percentage points.

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Healthier Students Are Better Learners(Charles Basch)          691.3 KB

03/01/10    A Research Initiative of the Campaign for Educational Equity, Teachers College, Columbia University

No matter how well teachers are prepared to teach, no matter what accountability measures are put in place, no matter what governing structures are established for schools, educational progress will be profoundly limited if students are not motivated and able to learn. Health-related problems play a major role in limiting the motivation and ability to learn of urban minority youth, and interventions to address those problems can improve educational as well as health outcomes.

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Healthier Students Are Better Learners

How Does Title I Support Community Schools?(Marty Blank & Sarah Pearson)          2.0 MB

01/01/10    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This brief provides State and Local Title I Directors with a deeper understanding of the allowable uses of Title I funding for community schools. Community schools are centers of the community that support student learning and healthy development, and strengthen families and communities.

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Community Schools Evaluation Toolkit(Shital C. Shah, Katrina Brink, Rebecca London, Shelly Masur, and Gisel Quihuis)          2.0 MB

12/01/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership in collaboration with The John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities at Stanford University

This Evaluation Toolkit is intended to help with that data collection and analysis. It is driven by a results framework, and offers a step-by-step explanation of evaluation approach and a menu of data collection instruments. Additionally, examples from local evaluations are included. As always the Coalition invites your comments and feedback as we seek to develop tools that support the growth and development of community schools across the nation.

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Community Schools and Community Colleges(Casey Maliszewski)           

10/12/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Alliances between community colleges and community schools—which work with multiple organizations to provide an array of services and support to children, families and the community—offer a unique opportunity for both institutions to better serve their service areas.

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Surrounded by Support           

07/08/09    American Federation of Teachers

The Summer 2009 Issue of AFT's American Educator Magazine is dedicated to community schools. Educators know that many non-school factors—like untreated asthma, undiagnosed vision problems, and unrelenting poverty—hinder students’ academic success. But instead of tossing up their hands in frustration, educators all over the country are reaching out to community groups that can help solve these problems.

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Surrounded by Support

2009 Lincoln Learning Lab Best Practices(Cathie Petch, Lea Ann Johnson, LCLC)          3.2 MB

04/27/09    Lincoln Community Learning Centers Initiative

This manual from based on the work of the Lincoln Community Learning Centers (LCLC) provides examples of various tools used by the LCLC for their community schools work. The manual contains concrete examples and tools on partnership strategies, annual planning and improvements, evaluation, etc.

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2009 Lincoln Learning Lab Best Practices

High Schools as Community Schools(Rita Axelroth)           

04/01/09    The Coalition for Community Schools in partnership with the National Association for Secondary School

The Coalition for Community Schools in partnership with the National Association for Secondary School Principals reviewed 8 community schools (Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL; Cincinnati, OH; Indianapolis, IN; Philadelphia, PA; Portland, OR; and South King County, WA) to learn their effects on graduation and drop-out rates. They found rising graduation and college going rates and a decrease in drop-out rates. The report also finds that community schools strengths lie in their local communities.

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Community School Initiatives: State-to-State Report(Coalition for Community Schools)          462.6 KB

03/02/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

The concept of community school is growing in part because it represents a vehicle for aligning the assets of students, families, teachers, and the community around a common goal—improving the success of our young people. A national scan reveals that a growing movement of community schools serve an estimated 5.1 million children and youth.

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Community Schools Research Brief, 2009 (Coalition for Community Schools)           

01/01/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Community schools across the nation purposefully integrate academ­ic, health, and social services; youth and community development; and commu­nity engagement—drawing in school partners with resources to improve student and adult learning, strengthen families, and promote healthy communities. This research brief highlights results from various community school initiatives.

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Community Schools and Promise Neighborhoods          32.2 KB

01/01/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This brief shows how community schools can and should be an integral part of any Promise Neighborhood. All Promise Neighborhood applicants should delineate how they will facilitate schools, regardless of type, becoming centers of their community, through mobilizing and leveraging community assets. The goals must include not only improving academic achievement, but also promoting the social, emotional, physical and civic development of young people, their families & other community residents.

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Community Schools Fact Sheet(Coalition for Community Schools)          93.2 KB

01/01/09    Coalition for Community Schools

Do you have questions about community schools? What they are? How they function? This list of "Frequently Asked Questions" provides answers to these and other questions. If you still have questions that weren't answered, please email us at: ccs@iel.org.

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Community Schools Across the Nation(Coalition for Community Schools)           

01/01/09    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Today, there are a number of national mod­els and local initiatives that create their own flavor of community school. This brief provides an over­view of leading initiatives.

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Finding Resources to Support Mentoring Programs and Services for Youth          742.6 KB

11/03/08    The Finance Project

This brief highlights three strategies that leaders and stakeholders can use to finance and sustain mentoring programs and services for youth. These strategies include building partnerships with businesses and foundations, conducting community fundraising to generate revenue and maximizing public revenue. In addition, it provides information on 25 federal funding sources that can be used to finance and sustain these programs.

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Strengthening Schools by Strengthening Families(KIM NAUER, ANDREW WHITE AND RAJEEV YERNENI)           

10/01/08    The Center for New York City Affairs

This report, by the Center for New York City Affairs, discovered that more than 90,000 children, grades k-5 (20% of New York City's enrollment) has missed at least 1 month of school. The one-year snapshot of New York City public schools discusses strategies to reverse rates of early chronic absence in the early grades as well as strategies on how to improve supports for children and families. One of the main recommendations is to identify 50-100 schools with high rates of chronic absenteeism.

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The Community Agenda for America's Public Schools(The Coalition for Community Schools)           

09/22/08    The Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

The challenges our nation faces in educating all of our young people are alarming. The Community Agenda offers common results and solutions, along with actions that YOU can take to help the youth of our nation. Learn more about the results we seek, the strategies to reach the results, actions, and policy recommendations.

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The Community Agenda for America's Public Schools

Present, Engaged, and Accounted For(Hedy Chang & Mariajose Romero)           

09/03/08    National Center for Children in Poverty

This report documents the consequences, prevalence, potential causes and possible solutions to children missing extended periods of school in grades K-3rd. Although students must be present and engage to learn, thousands of this country’s youngest students are academically at-risk because of extended absences when they first embark upon their school careers. Nationally, an estimated 1 in 10 kindergarten and 1st grade students are miss nearly a month or more of school over a year.

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Present, Engaged, and Accounted For

Beyond the Basics(Sara Robertson)          763.1 KB

07/01/08    YMCA

YMCA Community Schools bring the assets of an entire community to bear in preparing children and families for success. This article, features the first YMCA Community School in the country, the Stevenson YMCA Community School (SYCS), created in Long Beach 12 years ago. Today the YMCA of Greater Long Beach has 10 after school programs in the downtown and Long Beach communities that are built around family involvement and community leadership.

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Beyond the Basics

Closing the Achievement Gap: School, Community, Family Connections          747.1 KB

01/01/08    The Annie E. Casey Foundation

This publication provides an in-depth look at Casey’s support of community schools, including selected results and lessons learned. It also includes stories about one California school district’s innovative parent engagement policy, the Harlem Children’s Zone Practitioners Institute, parent organizing in Texas and Denver, and the Foundation’s contributions to results measurement in the connections field.

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Using CDBG to Support Community-Based Youth Programs          915.2 KB

01/01/08    The Finance Project

Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) are an important tool for helping local governments & agencies address challenges facing youth. This brief provides policymakers, stakeholders, community leaders, and program developers working in or with community-based youth programs with a basic understanding of how CDBG is structured, how community-based youth programs fit into CDBG purposes and activities, and how communities nationwide are using CDBG to support youth initiatives.

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Using CDBG to Support Community-Based Youth Programs

Addressing Barriers to Learning          340.7 KB

06/01/07    UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools

This tool discusses comprehensive, integrated approaches for addressing barriers to learning. It also has a set of surveys covering six program areas and the leadership and coordination systems every school must evolve to enable effective learning. The six program areas are: classroom-focused enabling; crisis assistance and prevention; support for transitions; home involvement in schooling; student and family assistance programs and services; and community outreach for involvement and support.

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Community & Family Engagement: Principals Share What Works (Amy C. Berg, Atelia Melaville and Martin J. Blank)           

10/01/06    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Principals are increasingly turning to the community to help them engage families, share resources and meet standards. Informed by the work of principals, this paper finds six keys to community engagement that help school leaders engage families, staff, partners and the larger community in the life of the school.

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All Together Now: Sharing Responsibility for the Whole Child(Martin J. Blank and Amy Berg)           

07/01/06    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

This paper was commissioned by the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, the largest national professional development organization in education, as part of their work around the concept of supporting the Whole Child.

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Growing Community Schools: The Role of Cross-Boundary Leadership( Martin J. Blank, Amy Berg and Atelia Melaville)          290.0 KB

04/01/06    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Leaders from schools, cities, and counties across the nation are working together in new ways to "grow" community schools. This report profiles 11 communities where this work is taking place. These leaders are installing and increasing the numbers of community schools as quickly as possible, using a powerful vision with a clear focus on results and an effort to make the best possible use of all the assets their communities can offer.

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Community-Based Learning: Engaging Students for Success and Citizenship(Martin J. Blank, Amy Berg, and Atelia Melaville)          1.4 MB

01/02/06    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Research shows that as many as 60% of all students are disengaged from learning. A study funded by the Gates Foundation, highlights disengagement as a key factor in the dropout rate. This report makes the case that community-based learning, addresses the problems of boredom and disengagement. Community-based learning involves students in real-world problem solving that is relevant and meaningful as part of the curriculum during and after school. Read more...

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Engaging the Community: Strategies that Work(Atelia Melaville and Martin J. Blank )          2.3 MB

01/01/05    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership and Cable in the Classroom

This Summer 2005 issue of Threshold Magazine on engaging the community and leaders. A featured article, “Engaging the Community: Strategies that Work,” identifies leadership strategies for engaging community stakeholders to create effective community schools. Building upon the points made in the article, the magazine features a helpful pull-out diagram which identifies key stakeholders and illustrates how all community leaders can contribute to creating improved conditions for student learning.

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Health and Fitness Influence Learning and Academic Achievement (John P. Allegrante)           

12/01/04    Education Week

This Ed Week article discusses the implications of cutting physical education programs in public schools. This commentary underscores the importance of integrating health and physical fitness into the school and argues that research shows physical activity and nutrition are important components in academic achievement.

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Multiple Measures(Ronald A. Wolk)           

10/01/04    Education Week

This Ed Week article critiques America's unnecessary, detrimental "obsession" with standardized testing. Wolk contends that education has shifted its focus from standard-based reform to test-based reform, largely due to punitive regulations set by the No Child Left Behind Act.

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Promising Practices in Citywide Afterschool Initiatives          27.6 KB

06/01/04    Bay Area Partnership, California

This piece features promising practices in city-wide afterschool initiatives with a focus at the infrastructure level. Elements include communication systems, public relations, leadership models, information collection activities, resource distribution, goal setting, sustainability planning, linkage to resources, etc. This report covers the most promising examples of infrastructure development that strengthen and support citywide afterschool initiatives.

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Community Involvement: A Win-Win Approach To School Facilities Planning          3.5 MB

04/01/04    Association of School Business Officials International

This article offers "how to" of involving community members in planning a school facility has not been practically explored. It provides a conceptual framework of how to involve the community by initiating a win-win approach to school facility planning.

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Community Schools: Engaging Parents and Families          385.1 KB

01/01/04    National PTA

This article includes lessons for PTAs and local community groups on how community schools help engage families.

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Sharing Classroom Space in After School Programs(Hayin Kim )          53.4 KB

01/01/04    Children's Aid Society

Sharing space and resources is a fundamental component of community schools. Bringing together a wide range of services in one facility is cost-effective and provides a natural outreach mechanism. However, weaving theory into practice requires patience, open communication and courtesy. Here are key lessons learned and anecdotes on sharing classroom space between regular school day staff and extended day staff. They reflect the hands-on experience of people working in afterschool programs.

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Template for a K - 8 School Improvement Plan and Rubric          506.4 KB

01/01/04    Illinois State Board of Education

This template serves as a tool for assessing the strengths and areas in need of improvement for students, faculty, and community. Also included are sections that are useful for establishing the necessary steps toward reform. P. 22.

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Job Descriptions of Community School Coordinators (Evansville-Vanderburgh School Corporation, Evansville, IN)          167.9 KB

01/01/04    

View a sample job description for Community School Coordinators that is used by the Evansville-Vanderburgh School Corporation. Feel free to use for your own school!

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Doing What Matters: The Bridges to Success Strategy for Building Community Schools          1.3 MB

01/01/04    Bridges to Success

Divided into three parts, the first covering community schools philosophy, the history of Bridges to Success, primary strategies for school community collaboration, core features of BTS, and examples of system-wide partnerships; the second covering adaptation and replication of BTS, governance, planning, staffing, and evaluation; the third covering long term sustainability and expansion.

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Strengthening Families, Strengthening Schools Toolkit(Annie E. Casey Foundation)           

01/01/04    Annie E. Casey Foundation

As part of its Making Connections Initiative, the Annie E. Casey Foundation has developed this toolkit. The kit includes information and resources to help schools work in partnership with families and communities - to strengthen families, strengthen schools, and help children do better. You will find examples of schools that work in partnership with families, practical ideas for work in schools, and ideas for families about working with schools.

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Achievement Plus Schools (Application for Partnership)(Achievement Plus )          52.7 KB

01/01/04    

This document provides applicant information on operating principles, space allocation, partner selection criteria, and selection process for community schools.

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Health and Well-Being Tied to Academic Achievement           

10/02/03    WestED

Providing further support for community schools, a new report by WestEd finds a strong connection between a variety of non-academic factors and standardized achievement scores. The authors write, "This indicates that youth development and learning are complementary processes that must be addressed in concert to support student and school success."

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Developmental Assets Have a Powerful Influence on Student Achievement           

10/01/03    The Search Institute

Students from many different backgrounds and cultures are more likely to do well in school and have a higher GPA if they have more “developmental assets,” according to new research from Search Institute.

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Boosting Student Achievement: New Research on the Power of Developmental Assets          226.2 KB

10/01/03    The Search Institute

According to new research from Search Institute, students from many different backgrounds and cultures are more likely to do well in school and have a higher GPA if they have more “developmental assets.”

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Parsing the Achievement Gap: Baselines for Tracking Progress(Paul E. Barton)          531.4 KB

10/01/03    Policy Information Center, Educational Testing Service

This report looks at research about life and educational experiences associated with continual development and school achievement. Barton explores how each of the correlates of educational achievement found so far, what do we know about the differences in experience, on the average, among subgroups of the population, by race/ethnicity and some measure of income? e.g. If low birth-weight adversely affects cognitive development, is there a greater incidence of low birth-weight in minorities?

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Initial Community Schools Site Assessment          101.9 KB

08/01/03    John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities

This tool helps you assess the "readiness" of school/community environments to develop and sustain Community Schools.

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Schools Uniting Neighborhoods and Office of School-Community Partnerships Organizational Chart           

06/02/03    Schools Uniting Neighborhoods (SUN), Portland, OR

This is a diagram of organizational relationships among SUN leadership bodies.

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Student Voices Count           

05/01/03    Kids First/REAL HARD

Oakland students working with REAL HARD, a youth leadership organization, wanted to increase student participation and decision-making in their public high schools. In the fall of 2003, they conducted a city-wide survey of 1000 students to find out what students thought of their education, including everything from school staff, teaching and counseling, student leadership and relations, school facilities and safety, and beyond. Read more...

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Advocate's Media Toolkit - Messaging           

05/01/03    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Use the talking points found in this toolkit to inform and influence your local community about the benefits of community schools.

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Making the Difference: Research and Practice in Community Schools          931.2 KB

05/01/03    Coalition for Community Schools

Making the Difference: Research and Practice in Community Schools, the newest Coalition report, examines the impact of 20 community school initiatives across the country. The report indicates overwhelming evidence that community schools do make the difference in improving student learning, promoting family engagement with students and schools; helping schools function more effectively and adding vitality to communities.

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Making the Difference - Executive Summary(Bela P. Shah & Martin J. Blank)          319.6 KB

05/01/03    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

No school --or principal--can meet all the needs of every student. Fortunately, they don't have to. Principals from East Hartford High School (CT) and Carson High School (CA) share how building community schools has strengthened their ability to serve their students.

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Portraits of Four Schools: Meeting the Needs of Immigrant Students and Their Families          3.1 MB

01/01/03    The School of the 21st Century, Yale University

This report chronicles the experience of four schools set in urban, suburban and rural communities in meeting the needs of immigrant students and families. It provides an in-depth description of each community and school's efforts in managing the educational challenges that a burgeoning immigrant population may bring. Challenges, innovative strategies and programs, and policy issues are described in this true to life portrait of Green Bay, WI, Leadville, CO, Stamford, CT & Columbus Junction, IA.

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Using Title I to Support Out-of-School Time and Community School Initiatives          644.0 KB

01/01/03    The Finance Project

This strategy brief first presents an overview of the Title I program, emphasizing its use for extended learning through out-of-school time and Community School initiatives. It then highlights three strategies community leaders, program developers, and school officials can employ to access these funds to support out-of-school time and community school initiatives.

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Finding Funding: A Guide to Federal Sources for Out-of-School Time and Community School Initiatives          3.6 MB

01/01/03    The Finance Project

This guide identifies and summarizes over 120 federal programs that have the potential to support out-of-school and community school initiatives, provides information on the structure and amount of federal funding available from these sources, and presents strategies for maximizing federal revenues and using these revenues to create more flexible funding.

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A Guide for New Site Councils(Evansville-Vanderburgh School Corporation)           

01/01/03    Evansville-Vanderburgh School Corporation, Evansville, IN

This brochure lists a number of points to consider in order to guarantee well-run, inclusive site team meetings. P. 2.

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High School After-school: What it is? What might it be? Why it is important?           

01/01/03    Forum for Youth Investment

The conceptual and practical leaps from programming for elementary and middle school students to high school students are significant, and the marketing challenges are huge. To support policy makers, program leaders and advocates in making decisions related to high school after-school, this commentary summarizes what we know and answers some basic but important questions.

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Safe & Sound Guide: Educational Leader's Guide to Evidence-Based Social & Emotional Learning Program           

01/01/03    Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning

This guide provides a road map for schools and districts that are launching or adding social, emotional, and academic learning programs. The guide reviews 80 multi-year, sequenced Social and Emotional Learning programs designed for use in general education classrooms.

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Template Editorial Board Memo           

01/01/03    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Use this template memo to ask your local newspaper editorial board for a meeting to discuss their coverage of education and how your community school offers the solution for addressing achievement gap as discussed in the ETS publication, Parsing the Achievement Gap. This memo can be used when there is any story about education in your local paper.

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Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America           

01/01/03    President Bush's Freedom Commission on Mental Health

In the final report from the President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, four recommendations are given to achieve the goal of transforming mental health care in America: Promote the mental health of young children; Improve and expand school mental health programs; Screen for co-occurring mental and substance use disorders and link with integrated treatment strategies; and Screen for mental disorders in primary health care, across the life span, and connect to treatment and supports.

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A New Wave of Evidence: The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achieveme(Anne T. Henderson and Karen L. Mapp )           

12/31/02    

This new report summarizes 41 of the best research studies on how active parent, family and community participation impacts student achievement. It also examines effective strategies to connect schools, families and community and parent and community organizing efforts to improve schools.

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Partnerships by Design: Cultivating Effective and Meaningful School-Family-Community Partnerships(Debbie Ellis and Kendra Hughes )           

10/01/02    

A tool for schools hoping to build more effective and meaningful school-family-community partnerships. Helps schools assess their approaches and implement more effective activities. Includes forms to help schools and organizations write their own plans. P. 56.

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A Handbook for State Policy Leaders(Coalition for Community Schools)          855.1 KB

07/03/02    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

The handbook is designed to help state leaders to form vital connections between schools and communities to improve student learning. It is helpful to the work of policy leaders in cities, counties, local school districts, and philanthropy.

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A Handbook for State Policy Leaders

Office of School and Community Partnerships, Schools Uniting Neighborhoods Program Instructions          48.6 KB

07/01/02    Schools Uniting Neighborhoods (SUN), Portland, OR

This document provides an example of an agreement among a school, community partner, and the Office of Schools Uniting Neighborhoods. It covers the agreed upon method for the development and delivery of core services, the outputs/outcomes expected from the partnership, and the schedule of reporting on key aspects of administering a community school.

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Sustainability Self-Assessment Tool          177.8 KB

06/24/02    The Finance Project

This is a diagnostic tool to help programs assess progress, identify internal strengths and weaknesses, external opportunities and threats, and to determine where to target scarce resources.

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Developing Effective Partnerships to Support Local Education          102.4 KB

06/03/02    School Communities that Work: A National Task Force on the Future of Urban Districts

An initiative of the Annenberg Institute for School Reform, this publication identifies new approaches to building partnerships between districts and organizations serving children, youth and families.

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Job Descriptions of Community School Coordinators           14.8 KB

04/01/02    Lincoln Community Learning Center

This Site Supervisor job description was used by community based organizations that worked with community schools. Feel free to use for your community school!

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Community Schools: A Vision of Learning That Goes Beyond Testing (Martin J. Blank and Ira Harkavy)          99.1 KB

04/01/02    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Research and experience confirm what common sense suggests: What happens outside the classroom is every bit as important as what happens inside.

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Inside Full-Service Community Schools(Joy Dryfoos and Sue Maguire )           

01/01/02    

This book is a highly practical, real-world guide with a unique local-national perspective. Topics include: getting started, providing a range of services, staffing, collaborating with the government and private sector, involving parents, overcoming barriers, funding, and sustaining the school.

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Organization and Collaboration          29.7 KB

01/01/02    Linkages to Learning

Outlines methods for sustaining healthy relationships with service providers so that they can better cooperate towards the overall goals of the community school project.

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Administrative Issues          62.5 KB

01/01/02    Linkages to Learning

This document is an example of the policies guiding administrative aspects of the partnership between the school and service provider.

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Community Programs to Promote Youth Development           

01/01/02    National Research Council and Institute of Medicine

National report affirms the power and value of youth development. It offers authoritative guidance to policymakers, practitioners, researchers, and other key stakeholders on the role of youth development programs in the promotion of healthy youth development and well-being. P. 411.

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Using NCLB to Improve Student Achievement: An Action Guide for Community and Parent Leaders          555.2 KB

01/01/02    Public Education Network

This action guide by the Public Education Network cuts through education jargon and explains the law's new requirements for states, districts and schools in clear terms. It is organized as an easy-to-use professional development tool for administrators and teachers and prioritizes 10 major areas in the law where the public should concentrate its action.

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Strong Neighborhoods, Strong Schools(Eva Gold, Elaine Simon, and Chris Brown )          2.8 MB

01/01/02    Cross-Cities Campaign for Urban School Reform and Research for Action

Using an action research approach, this report documents the methods used in community organizing for school reform and provides measures for evaluating their successful contribution to the improvement of public education and the strengthening of low-income communities. P. 60.

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Community Schools: A Vision of Learning That Goes Beyond Testing(Ira Harkavy and Martin Blank)           

01/01/02    Coalition for Community Schools

This commentary by the Coalition for Community Schools leaders that helps make the case for community schools. The fact this has been published by Education Week suggests that our vision for community schools is finding its way into the debate about how to best help all children learn

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Youth Development and Family Strengthening: A Study of Emerging Connections(Cahill, Michele; DuPree, Sharon; Pitts, Linda; Thomases, Jean)          989.1 KB

01/01/02    

This publication describes how youth development organizations help to strengthen families and connect their work with youth to families. Leading research and the experience of practitioners is described, along with six principles that should guide further development of this work.

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Building a Community School           

09/03/01    The Children's Aid Society

This publication provides a detailed look at the of the Children's Aid Society (CAS) in New York City and offers suggestions for building and sustaining partnerships, planning a community school program and funding these efforts. It also situates the community schools approach in the context of 21st century realities and provides new chapters outlining the research base that supports the CAS community school model and greater detail on available funding resources.

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Understanding School Standards: Linking youth development progams to academic standards           

01/01/01    Boys & Girls Club of America

A Project Learn publication on linking club programs to academic standards.

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Education and Community Building: Connecting Two Worlds           

01/01/01    Institute for Educational Leadership

This publication breaks new ground by helping educators and community leaders understand and respect the assets and talents that each brings to the goal of improving student learning. It presents several "sticking points" and identifies "rules of engagement" to facilitate better communication between school and community. P. 48. To order a copy for $7 contact iel@iel.org

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Facing the Hard Facts in Education Reform(Paul Barton)          562.0 KB

01/01/01    

This report from Paul Barton of the Educational Testing Service makes a compelling case for a broader vision of education reform emphasizing the entirety of a child's learning environment (including the home, community and the school).

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Just Waiting to Be Asked? A Fresh Look at Attitudes on Public Engagement          601.4 KB

01/01/01    Public Agenda

Study summarizes the results of surveys of superintendents, school board members, teachers, parents and the public at large. This analysis of the attitudinal predisposition of key players shares lessons about the opportunities and obstacles that public engagement efforts may face. $10. For more information call, (212) 686-6610.

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Maximizing Medicaid Funding to Support Health and Mental Health Services           568.5 KB

10/02/00    The Finance Project

This strategy brief presents general background information and strategies for maximizing Medicaid funding, and highlights examples of innovative projects throughout the country.

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Strengthening Partnerships: Community School Assessment Checklist          168.5 KB

09/01/00    The Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership and The Finance Project

Contains three tools to assist school and community leaders in creating and strengthening community school partnerships. The first helps assess the development of the partnership; the second helps take an inventory of existing programs and services in or connected to the school; the third helps to catalogue the funding sources that support these programs and services.

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Intermediary Guidebook: Making and Managing Community Connections for Youth            

01/01/00    Jobs for the Future and New Ways to Work, School-to-Work Intermediary Project

This guidebook is designed for people and organizations who are engaging in partnerships designed to promote young people's self-confidence about their abilities, increase their connections to adults and opportunities, and foster the academic and work-related competencies they need to succeed.

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Learning Together: The Developing Field of School-Community Initiatives(Atelia Melaville )           

09/01/98    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Identifies the major types, purposes, and strategies of a national cross-section of twenty school-community initiatives, and explores the dynamics of implementing, sustaining and expanding these initiatives across several key dimensions, including governance, site coordination and staffing, financing, and accountability.

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Community Organizing for Urban School Reform(Dennis Shirley)           

01/01/97    

"Using a case study approach, Dennis Shirley describes how working-class parents, public school teachers, clergy, social workers, business partners, and a host of other engaged citizens have worked to improve education in inner-city schools… Provides a striking point of contrast to orthodox models of change and places the political empowerment of low-income parents at the heart of genuine school improvement and civic renewal." P. 352.

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Strong Families, Strong Schools: Building Community Partnerships for Learning           

01/03/94    U.S. Department of Education

This document cites various successful parent training initiatives and provides helpful resources for increasing parent involvement and leadership.

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Building a Community School: A Parent's Guide           

    The Children's Aid Society and the Coalition for Community Schools

For concerned, active parents who believe that their school can be more and do more for children, families and the whole community. It introduces the community school approach, explains its benefits for parents and children, and offers some simple steps parents can take to begin turning their school into a community school.

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Community-Driven School Reform: Parents Making a Difference in Education           

    The Charles Steward Mott Foundation

This report illustrates community-driven reform models by describing the movements of PACT, a faith-based community organizing group, and several other success stories, each with their own method of organizing around education

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The Intermediary Guidebook: Making and Managing Community Connections for Youth(Marc Miller, Richard Kazis)          192.4 KB

    

Across the nation, local intermediaries are emerging to address a wide range of family, education, social, and economic challenges. Read more...

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Desktop Reference for No Child Left Behind           

    U.S. Department of Education

This 180-page desktop reference manual to No Child Left Behind offers a program-by-program look at the major reforms under the law. For each section of the landmark law, the manual explains the purpose of the program, what's new in the law, how the program works, key requirements, how to achieve quality, how performance is measured, and key activities and responsibilities for state education departments.

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Community Schools: Promoting Student Success - A Rationale and Results Framework(Coalition for Community Schools)          337.5 KB

    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

The purpose of this document is twofold: First, to outline a rationale for the community school as a primary vehicle for increasing student success and strengthening families and community; and secondly, to define specific results that community schools seek—both in terms of how they function and in relationship to the well being of students, families and communities.

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FSCS Coordinator Job Description           

    Seattle Public Schools, Washington

This is a sample job summary for a community school coordinator.

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FSCS Coordinator Job Description

Memorandum of Understanding - Seattle FSCS          121.8 KB

    Seattle Public Schools, Washington

This is a sample Memorandum of Understanding between a community school and a community partner from Seattle Public Schools.

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Community School Coordinator - Interview Questions          35.1 KB

    Seattle Public Schools

This document, created by Seattle Public Schools, offers a helpful set interview questions, as you get ready to hire your community school coordinator.

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FERPA - Release of Information Agreement          12.3 KB

    Seattle Public Schools, Washington

This document provides sample language for getting consent to release education records from a school district to a partner agency.

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Resource Coordinating Team(John A. Johnson )          32.8 KB

    Achievement Plus Elementary School

This document outlines the responsibilities of the resource coordinating team, its membership, and its relationship to other committees that play a role in the community school.

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Community Schools Assessment           45.6 KB

    John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities

This tool is directed towards gaining a better sense of a school's strengths and areas in need of improvement, in order to assess the type of support a potential school/community group partnership could most beneficially provide.

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Are Schools Ready for Families?: Case Studies In School-Family Relationships(Helen Nissani )           

    Family Support America

This discussion paper addresses the issue of how family support is expressed in school based/community school settings. Two of the schools used in the paper, Howe Elementary School in Green Bay, WI and Elliot Elementary School in Lincoln, NE, are schools that were highlighted in the Coalition's Making the Difference report.

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Schools Designed with Community Participation(Henry Sanoff )           

    

This publication presents case studies of school buildings that were designed with community and user participation as an integral part of the school planning process. P.67.

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Student School Success Tied to Multiple Factors            

    National Middle School Association

A new position paper by the National Middle School Association, This We Believe: Successful Schools for Young Adolescents, shows that it is both cultural and programmatic factors that influence student success when present over time. This paper outlines 14 key characteristics that lead a school, with its organization, curriculum, pedagogy and programs, to higher levels of student achievement.

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Achievement Plus Strategic Plan(Achievement Plus )          90.6 KB

    

This document provides a model of a detailed plan for setting and achieving goals in the areas of curriculum and instruction, learning supports for students and families, extended learning opportunities, and governance and management.

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New Skills for New Schools: Preparing Teachers in Family Involvement(Angela Shartrand, Heather Weiss, Holly Kreider, and M. Elena Lopez )           

    Harvard Family Research Project

This paper offers a discussion of parent involvement considerations for professional development programs. Harvard Family Research Project.

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Schools Uniting Neighborhoods: Successful Collaboration in an Environment of Constant Change(Annie E. Casey Foundation )           

    Annie E. Casey Foundation

This report focuses on the "high level of collaboration across organizational boundaries that has allowed the SUN Initiative to thrive in an environment of constant change." It discusses the role of core initiative staff, technical assistance, political champions, staff, parents, students, volunteers, and agency partners. P. 52

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Critical Links: Learning in the Arts and Student Academic and Social Development(Arts Educational Partnership: Council of Chief State School Officers )           

    Council of Chief State School Officers

This compendium has two purposes: 1) to recommend to researchers and funders promising lines of inquiry and study of the academic and social effects of learning in the arts and 2) to provide designers of arts education curriculum and instruction with insights found in the research that suggest strategies for deepening the arts learning experiences that are required to achieve those effects.

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Community Schools: Partnerships for Excellence           530.6 KB

    Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Community schools are a set of partnerships & a place where services, supports, & opportunities lead to improved learning, stronger families & healthier communities. Public schools are the hub for inventive, enduring relationships, families, volunteers, business, health & social service agencies, youth development organizations, & others committed to children. They are changing the educational landscape - permanently - by transforming traditional schools into partnerships for excellence.

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Job Descriptions of Community School Coordinators (Chicago Public Schools)          64.3 KB

    Chicago, IL - Community School Initiative

These are the job descriptions that the Chicago Public School systems uses for hiring Community School Coordinators. Feel free to use!

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Mapping Progress of Local Education Funds in the School and Community Initiative          39.9 KB

    Network for Safe and Healthy Children

This is a planning tool that divides the work towards goals into beginning, intermediate, and advanced stages in the categories of governance, relationships, service provision, and funding.

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From Governance to Accountability: Building Relationships That Make Schools Work(Norman Fruchter and Kavitha Mediratta)          435.0 KB

    Institute for Education and Social Policy for the Drum Major Institute for Public Policy

This paper argues for creating bottom-up accountability by developing mechanisms to improve a school system's transparency and increase parent and community access, representation, and power in schools and districts. Proposes a series of "performance indicators" to help schools, districts and policymakers evaluate how well they are engaging their most important partners. P. 25.

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Report of the Evaluation of the Polk Brothers Foundation's Full Service Schools Initiative(Samuel P. Whalen Ph. D.)           

    

This report, which includes sections on key findings, recommendations, and the types of information utilized for the evaluation, focuses on two broad questions: To what degree did the partnerships accomplish their objectives, and, was the framework of governance and service planning effective in supporting objectives.

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Job Descriptions of Community School Coordinators           16.4 KB

    Schools Uniting Neighborhoods (SUN), Portland, OR

If you are a community based organization you can use this as a template for creating your own Community School Coordinator job description.

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School-Business Partnerships           

    Schools Uniting Neighborhoods (SUN), Portland, OR

The Business Perspective: For prospective business partners, this document offers a list of potential benefits and considerations. The School Perspective: Potential benefits and considerations for schools engaging in business partnerships. Resource List: A list of recommended print and online resources to assist SUN staff, schools, and business partners in strengthening school/business partnerships. School Worksheet: Designed to facilitate school development of strategic business partnerships.

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Draft - Intergovernmental Agreement          36.4 KB

    Schools Uniting Neighborhoods (SUN), Portland, OR

This draft document includes agreements between the school district and the SUN Initiative's Office of School and Community Partnerships on a number of aspects of their partnership: purpose, responsibilities of the school district, responsibilities of the Office of School and Community Partnerships, termination, indemnification, insurance, adherence to law, non-discrimination, access to records, and subcontracts and assignment.

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Family Outreach          31.2 KB

    Schools Uniting Neighborhoods (SUN), Portland, OR

This document lists the basic responsibilities of a school's community partner in a Family Outreach effort, as well as the expected outputs/outcomes, and reporting requirements for the program.

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Key Factors in Successful Collaborations           

    Schools Uniting Neighborhoods (SUN), Portland, OR

This document created by SUN outlines some of the most important factors in developing and maintaining successful collaborations.

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Latino Family Outreach          29.2 KB

    Schools Uniting Neighborhoods (SUN), Portland, OR

This document created by SUN lists the basic responsibilities of a school's community partner in a Latino family outreach effort, as well as the expected outputs/outcomes, and reporting requirements for the program.

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Revitalization by Design(Stephanie Davis )           

    

This manual is intended to be used by parents, teachers, school administrators, students, community organizations and residents as a guide to identifying, planning, implementing, and maintaining large- and small-scale school improvement projects. Available from the State of Maryland, Public School Construction Program at 410-767-0617.

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What if...(Steven Bingler )           

    

This publication addresses the need to counteract the current model of community sprawl by designing smarter schools and community growth strategies, and the changes in planning, policies, and practices needed to achieve these goals. Several actions are recommended. Read to find out more...

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For Generations to Come: A Community Leadership Guide to Renew Public School Buildings          681.8 KB

    The 21st Century School Fund

This guide provides a framework and a five-step process for community involvement in the complex venture of modernizing or building new public school buildings. Available at 202-745-3745

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Linkages to Learning Plan for Family Involvement: Valuing Parents as Partners          30.7 KB

    Linkages to Learning

This document lists a number of general strategies for establishing trusting relationships among staff and community.

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Evaluation of Community Schools: An Early Look(Joy Dryfoos)          215.8 KB

    

This paper summarizes data from early evaluations of community school initiatives. It provides a vision of community schools, discusses the nature and limitations of the first existing research, and offers a summary of findings from 49 community school initiatives.

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Memorandum of Understanding           29.2 KB

    Lincoln Community Learning Center

This document provides an example of a partnership agreement between a school and community-based organization, formalizing and clarifying "expectations and relationships" between the partners.

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School Neighborhood Advisory Committees           

    Lincoln Community Learning Centers

This document discusses the principles, membership and participation, purpose, reporting requirements, program planning, and budget development aspects of school neighborhood advisory committees under the Community Learning Center model.

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Job Description: Family and Volunteer Involvement Coordinator          12.3 KB

    Linkages to Learning

This document outlines the vision of the family and volunteer involvement plan; the purpose of the coordinator position; and the duties, qualifications, and times requirements of the position.

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Creating a Culture of Attachment: A Community-as-Text Approach to Learning(Milbrey McLaughlin and Martin J. Blank)           

    John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities at Stanford University, in Stanford, California and the Coalition for Community Schools at the Institute for Educational Leadership

Education Week, in its November 10, 2004 issue has published a commentary by Milbrey Mclaughlin and Martin Blank. This commentary reflects the Coalition's perspective that engaging and motivating young people to learn is essential for their academic and life success. It argues that for most young people, learning matters when it is personal, has meaning to them and serves a purpose.

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Annotated Bibliography of Community Participation in School Planning           

    National Clearinghouse for Education Facilities

This site provides Information on the participation of students, teachers, parents, administrators, and community members in the planning and design of schools, compiled by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities.

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Community Use of Schools: Policy Issues            

    National Clearinghouse on Educational Facilities (NCEF)

Here you will find NCEF's resource list on policy issues concerning the community use of school buildings and grounds during and after school hours, including examples of joint use agreements.

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Leave No Child and No Family Behind           

    National Network of Partnership Schools (NNPS) at Johns Hopkins University

This Web site assists schools, districts and state departments of education in meeting and exceeding requirements of the No Child Left Behind law. NNPS provides manuals, resources, evaluation opportunities and on-going professional development for strengthening and maintaining programs of school, family and community partnerships. Read more...

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